iXblue, a leading supplier of customized Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) for 1, 1.5 and 2 µm applications, is now able to offer FBG in the short wavelength side of the visible spectrum. Peak reflectivity from 4 to 90% as well as reflections bandwidth down to 30 pm open a wide range of application as laser diode stabilization, single longitudinal mode selection or spectral narrowing of a broader source. A concrete example could be found in recent publication at CLEO Europe 2019 from FOTON laboratory where the FBG coupled with an InGaN Laser Diodes build together an external cavity laser and produce a narrow linewidth signal at 396.9 nm with more than 25 dB signal to noise ratio. FBG are available in non-PM and PM format, in bare fibers or athermal packaging.



Narrow Linewidth InGaN Laser Diodes Based on External Cavity Fiber Bragg Grating

M. Gay, A. Congar, D. Mammez, L. Lablonde, R. Butte, N. Grandjean, P. Besnard & S. Trebaol


The first InGaN-based LDs were reported in 1996 by Nakamura and co-workers [1] and commercialized from 1999 by the Nichia Corporation. Since then, huge efforts have been devoted to the optimization of the epitaxial layers (doping, defect concentration, shortening of the radiative lifetime, etc.). Nowadays, blue laser diodes emitting hundreds of mW are commercially available but they often exhibit multimode behaviors for both transverse and longitudinal directions. The InGaN-based laser diode technology is still in its infancy, compared to its long wavelength counterparts and only recently the first electrically pumped single mode blue laser diodes have been demonstrated [2] with a resolution limited linewidth of 11.7 GHz. At telecom wavelengths, a mature approach to force the laser diode in a single frequency regime consists in using an external feedback by means of Fiber Bragg Grating [3,4]. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, such a compact design has not been proposed for blue laser diodes yet. 394 396 398 400 402-50-40-30-20-10 Optical power [dBm] Wavelength [nm] 25 dB a)-10 0 10 0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0 Normalized Transmission Frequency [MHz] Δν=3.2 MHz b) Fig. 1 a) Optical spectrum of the Fiber Bragg Grating external cavity Laser diode (FGL) centered at 396.9 nm b) Resolution limited measurement of the FGL in the single frequency regime measured with a Fabry-Perot Analyser. In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility to reach single mode emission from a Fabry Perot (FP) InGaN laser diode [5], emitting around 400 nm, by optical feedback using a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG). Anti reflective coating (R ≈ 2%) is deposited on the output facet of the FP laser diode to operate the device close from the Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (RSOA) regime. Then, the output of the laser is coupled to the FBG to be spectrally filtered. A phase-mask based Talbot interferometer arrangement is used to side write the FBG in the photosensitive fiber, single mode at the operating wavelength. It has a uniform profile with 60 % reflectivity centered at 396.9 nm with a 35 pm bandwidth sufficiently narrow to select one mode of the laser cavity. Single frequency operation with 25 dB side mode suppression ratio and a linewidth of less than 3.2 MHz is demonstrated. Such a narrow linewidth laser diode in the blue domain with a compact design could find applications whenever coherency and interferometric resolutions are needed as for laser cooling in optical clock, submarine coherent optical communication or holographic memories.Impact of mode-hopping noise on InGaN edge emitting laser relative intensity noise properties", IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 9197, pp. 1-7 (2017).